Definition: have an effect upon
Usage: Will the new rules affect me?
Definition: cause to change; make different; cause a transformation
Usage: The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city; The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue
Definition: press, drive, or impel (someone) to action or completion of an action
Usage: He pushed her to finish her doctorate
Definition: force or impel in an indicated direction
Usage: I urged him to finish his studies
Definition: keep or maintain in unaltered condition; cause to remain or last
Usage: preserve the peace in the family; continue the family tradition; Carry on the old traditions
Definition: keep in a certain state, position, or activity; e.g., "keep clean"
Usage: hold in place; She always held herself as a lady; The students keep me on my toes